Despite Tasmania's relatively small land mass of approximately 64,000 square km, it has a bountiful range of over 2,000 native and introduced flowering plant species, of which more than 200 are endemic to the State.
Tasmania's mountainous landscapes, with over sixty peaks higher than 900m, generate marked differences in rainfall and humidity from west to east creating a great variety of microclimates and diverse soil types, which provide niches for a huge range of plant species.
The World Conservation Union has recognised Tasmania as an
"International Centre for Plant Diversity"
Weathered and faulted rock surfaces, sculpted by past glaciers and eroded by heavy rains, also contribute to the range of soil types and plant environments supporting the variety of species. You can expect to encounter:
- ancient slow-growing native pines (Huon, King Billy, Celery Top) in sub-alpine and wet temperate regions
- vast moorland plains of buttongrass on peat soils in the south west
- wind-pruned heaths and the ancient palm-like pandani in alpine areas
- dense scrub in wetter swampy areas
- unique "cushion- or bolster-plant" communities on bleak alpine plateaus
- myrtle (including the spectacular fagus, Australia's only deciduous beech) and sassafras forming dense canopies of small leaves in temperate rainforests
- tall eucalypts, including Eucalyptus regnans (the highest flowering plant in the world), in wet gullies and areas with rich deep soils
- open dry sclerophyll forests of eucalypts at lower altitudes and in the dryer eastern coastal regions
- rare and exquisitely beautiful wild orchids, along with ferns, mosses and lichens, and wattles
The World Conservation Union has officially recognised this rich mosaic of vegetation in these regions as an International Centre for Plant Diversity. Few regions in Australia, and indeed the world, offer so much in such a compact and accessible area.
Come and explore it with us!
Contact Tasmanian Wilderness Experiences for friendly advice and assistance for your next Tasmanian adventure!
Phone: 1300 882 293 or Email: infotwe.travel